PR is a system which gives fair party representation in legislatures according to the percentage popular vote.
PR is also about electing legislatures which reflect the make-up of the community (e.g. by gender, ethnic origins, age, orientation abilities, etc.)
Where has PR been successfully implemented?
Of the world’s 35 major, well-established democracies — meaning countries with high human rights ratings and at least two million inhabitants, thirty-one use some form of proportional representation (PR). Only three countries (Ghana, United States and Canada) do not have any form of PR at any level of government. Since World War II no emerging democracy has chosen a first- past-the-post (plurality) system. All have opted for some form of PR. Most countries with more proportional voting systems are governed by stable and productive majority coalitions which actually represent a majority of voters.
Discussion about PR often centres on the details of how a proportional system will work instead of on the end result – consensus-style government. Consensus (or coalition) governments have additional benefits and the evidence for a more proportional system is comprehensive and compelling.
The Benefits of PR
Research over 55 years has repeatedly demonstrated that on average, countries with proportional systems:
have 7.5% higher voter turnout
create policies that better reflect the views of the median voter
have citizens more satisfied with their democracy
elect 8% more women
have lower income inequality
have better environmental performance
are just as fiscally responsible, and have higher economic growth
have no more frequent elections
In the last provincial election 54% (or almost 44,000) of the voters elected no one. Citizens want their vote to count. They want their vote to elect a candidate.